Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage - Understanding the World.
Understanding the world involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community. The frequency and range of children’s personal experiences increases their knowledge and sense of the world around them – from visiting parks, libraries and museums to meeting important members of society such as police officers, nurses and firefighters. In addition, listening to a broad selection of stories, non-fiction, rhymes and poems will foster their understanding of our culturally, socially, technologically and ecologically diverse world. As well as building important knowledge, this extends their familiarity with words that support understanding across domains. Enriching and widening children’s vocabulary will support later reading comprehension.
Understanding the World ELG (early learning goal):
Past and Present: Children at the expected level of development will:
- Talk about the lives of the people around them and their roles in society;
- Know some similarities and differences between things in the past and now, drawing on their experiences and what has been read in class;
- Understand the past through settings, characters and events encountered in books read in class and storytelling.
Excerpt from https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/early-years-foundation-stage-framework--2
Through building upon historical knowledge and skills across the key stages, by Year 4, the children should demonstrate the characteristics outlined in the document below: